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Dictatorship and human rights violations in Haiti | Opinion Internationale


From 1957 to 1986, the Duvalier family exerted a harsh dictatorship in Haiti without respect for fundamental human rights, such as rights of association, social rights, of economic rights and cultural rights. These dictatorships received millions in U.S. government aid under various security and humanitarian reasons because of their role as a bulwark against communism (such as the Trujillo dictatorship in Dominican Republic).[1]After being elected in 1957 and having served in office for seven years, Francois Duvalier proclaimed himself President for life in 1964. When he died in 1971, his son Jean-Claude dynastically took office, whom was strongly supported by the U.S. as part of an anti-communist shield in the country.[2] Jean-Claude fled the country due to mass protests and political opposition against the authoritarian rule.[3] He departed on February 7, 1986, flying to France in a U.S. Air Force aircraft, illustrating how he consistently benefited from the intrusive behavior of neo-colonial powers.[4]During the Duvalier dictatorship, thousands of recalcitrant opponents of Duvalier were murdered, directly or indirectly by the military and the Tonton Macoute, while abductions, extra-judiciary execution, rape, and torture were also common practices as well. The State and its agents were responsible for humiliating treatment, thefts, extortions, and expropriations.[5] Around 100,000 Haitians sought asylum in foreign countries, such as the Dominican Republic, the U.S. base of Guantanamo, Florida, as well as Europe and other Latin American countries. Nearly 300,000 persons sought refuge from Port-au-Prince to more remote parts of Haiti. via | Opinion Internationale

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